Battle of Spotsylvania

 

 

May 8-21, 1864….Battle of Spotsylvania

Battle of Spotsylvania

Spotsylvania Courthouse today

 

Attack: Grant has disengaged from Lee during the night and pushed his army toward the  crossroads at Spotsylvania Courthouse southeast of “The Wilderness”.

Lee has elements of the CSA army that has reached Spotsylvania before the Union Army and he orders his Confederates to dig in for the coming assaults.

On May 8, units of Union Generals Warren and Sedgwick attack across a 4 mile front in areas known as the Laurel Hill and “The Mule Shoe” that later became known as the “Bloody Angle”.

Hand to hand fighting that lasted for over 24 hours became one of the terrible memories of that terrible “salient”. Rainy weather added to the delays in attacks and movements that were often confused and costly.

Grant will have several more attacks that will fail under Union Generals Burnside and Hancock. He will see his best strategy is with his last attack on May 18 under Hancock which fails again.

Grant sees his best opportunity is to disengage and maneuver to a new battlefield, southeast ..toward North Anna.

Battle of Spotsylvania

John Sedgwick

 

 

May 9, 1864…Union Major General John Sedgwick will be shot through the head and killed by a Confederate sharpshooter at 9:00 am while inspecting his troops. Sedgwick is the Highest Ranking Union Officer killed during the Civil War, a costly loss for the Union at the Battle of Spotsylvania.

Over 1,000 yards from the Confederate snipers, Sedgwick had just stated that “they couldn’t hit an elephant” at this distance. Seconds later he falls with a bullet below his left eye after chastising officers for seeking cover. 

John Sedgwick’s Signature:

Much loved by his men who called him “Uncle John”, Grant was so stunned by the news of his sudden death that he asked repeatedly..”Is he really dead”!

Defense: Lee has beat Grant southeast to Spotsylvania Courthouse crossroads. He is able to set up fast defenses that will be strengthened over the next days as Grant attacks across his extended front. The attacks against his men on Laurel Hill on May 8 are pushed back as well as several attacks over the next days against several points on his 4 mile defensive line.

The western end of the “Mule Shoe” later known as the Bloody Angle is a heavy focus of defensive combat for the CSA for over 3 days as Grant attempts a grand assault against the whole Confederate line. Hancocks’ division at one point was so compressed that they turned into no more than a mob.

Battle of Spotsylvania

Confederate dead at Spotslyvania

 

Lee was able to inspire his officers long enough to rally his officers at points when the Union had punched through, especially at the “Bloody Angle”.

Riding too close to the front with the 800 man “Texan Brigade” that stemmed a Union attack, Lee was leading the Texans himself when they stopped and Gordon insisted that Lee move to safety. The Texans stopped and chanted “Lee to the rear” until he and his well known horse Traveller did retire to the rear of the CSA to safety.

May 19 will bring Lee to his last defense of this battle when he intercepts Union elements at an area known as the Harris Farm. Grant is maneuvering between Fredericksburg and Richmond. Lee will engage again at North Anna and Cold Harbor as the Union Army moves like a great serpent toward Petersburg after retiring from the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse.

Battle outcome: Undecisive ( Strategic Union victory as they move south)

Soldiers: Union -100,000 / CSA – 52,000

Casualties: Union-18,399(2,725 killed) / CSA-13,421(1,515 killed )

Battle of SpotsylvaniaThe Battles for Spotsylvania Court House and the Road to Yellow Tavern, May 7-12, 1864 by Gordon C. Rhea

From the Battle at Spotsylvania Courthouse to the death of legendary Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart at Yellow Tavern.


Comments

Battle of Spotsylvania — 2 Comments

  1. Hi Charles,
    Thanks for sharing this story. I have relatives in Vermont and they are proud of the service the Vermont units gave during the Civil War. Your great great grandfathers service is appreciated and honored. I do see the book ” Shouts and Whispers” on Amazon and look forward to checking it out further.
    Brian

  2. Hello American Civil War Enthusiast:

    My mother recently edited and published a book entitled “Shouts & Whispers” . This painstaking work is a transcription of

    letters from her great grandfather to his wife as he served in the Union army during the American Civil War. The soldier,

    D.D. Priest, was in the Vermont 2nd Company I from Bull Run in 1861 through Spotsylvania where he was wounded in 1864.

    This book is a must read for the Civil War buff and just a good, effortless read in general. This man intended for the letters to be saved

    and makes many references to people, places, and things during the war that make it come alive. There are eighty letters.

    My mother, Nancy D. Wilson has an M.A. English from the College of St. Rose. The letters were handed down from her mother

    and she still is in possession of the originals. Those interested in “primary source” material will not be disappointed.

    Nancy is a native Vermonter and graduate of U.V.M. class of ’59.

    Her motive for publishing was not profit, however, there is a cost of publication. The book

    is available on Amazon for a reasonable price of $20.00.

    Upcoming sesquicentennial celebrations can make this the perfect gift also!

    ISBN-13

    URL 978-1475041040

    Princeton, Harvard, The University of Vermont, and Syracuse University have ordered theirs.

    Whatever method you use to acquire new material can be accommodated. Will ship direct as well.

    Contact me: Charles Wilson Phone 518.648.0324 cedarriv@frontiernet.net

    or my mother: Nancy Wilson 518.793.9472 nwilson@nycap.rr.com

    Thank you,

    Charles R. Wilson

    The book has been reviewed and the review is featured on the website “Vermont in the Civil War” http://vermontcivilwar.org/index.php

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