Civil War Timeline 1864


The Civil War Timeline 1864 will reflect the damaged Union hopes for victory, due to the Union success finally achieved during the Civil War Timeline of the previous year including the victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg. This terrible war however is far from over as we witness some of the most savage fighting of the war.

President Abraham Lincoln is caught between the coming election and the shrinking Northern war support. This withering Yankee confidence is constantly fanned by the peace seeking press led by Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune.

Confederate envoys continue to speak of “Two countries North and South” while ignoring the slavery issue, so Lincoln knows he must continue the fight to “Save the Union”.

March 9,1864…General U.S. Grant is appointed Commander of all Union Armies. General William T.Sherman will be Commanding the Western Union Army.

May 4-6,1864…”BATTLE OF THE WILDERNESS”. General Grant and 120,000 Unions soldiers will undertake the campaign of attrition. Lee has just 65,000 soldiers approx. and the losses will be heavy for both sides. Grant will keep hitting Lee’s “left flank” and will not lose contact again. The first battle of his “Overland Campaign” devised by Grant and President Lincoln to assault the CSA at several points uncluding Richmond,Va.,  the Shenandoah Valley, Georgia and Alabama with the Army of the the Potomac and the Western Armies… simultaneously.

May 8-21,1864…”BATTLE OF SPOTSYLVANIA”.  General Grant attacks Lee for the second time during this  “Overland Campaign” at Spotsylvania Courthouse,Va. Some of the most savage fighting of the war as the Rebels are desperate and the Union army under Grant wants victory and an end to the war.

“The Western Theater”…The Western Army of the Tennessee under William Tecumseh Sherman starts to close in on CSA General Joseph Johnston to attack Atlanta.


June 3,1864….” BATTLE OF COLD HARBOR”. General Grant keeps the pressure on Lee, but will lose so many men on the secondary charges at Cold Harbor, Virginia that he will later state those Union charges were regretable. The loss of 7,000+ men in 25 minutes will stay with Grant for the rest of his life.

Union soldiers were pinning pieces of paper to their backs before the assaults with their names and units, so their bodies could be identified later.   All  for the Union !


 Civil War Timeline 1864

Civil War Mortar "Dictator"

Civil War mortar “Dictator”


June 9,1864…”Siege of Petersburg”. Several battles and lost opportunities by the Union Army results in a nine month siege of Petersburg, Virginia.   The city is a hub of railroad lines that support the Confederate Army. Grant digs in on the southern and eastern areas below the city, extending his lines westward constantly and cutting off the railroads supply lines. Thirty miles of “trench warfare” at it’s worst. Especially for Lee’s worn out army.

By early April,1865 Lee’s armies will fall back and abandon Petersburg and Richmond,Virginia.


July 22,1864..”BATTLE OF ATLANTA “. The battle just south of the city by Union General William T. Sherman against CSA General John Bell Hood will transform into a siege, until Sept.2 when Hood abandons the railroad center and Sherman telegraphs Lincoln of the victory. “Atlanta is ours .. and fairly won”. A major step forward for the Union army and the northern public is thrilled with the news of the victory.

Union Major General James B. McPherson, a friend of CSA General John Bell Hood was killed during the battle.

Abraham Lincoln’s re-election as President is solidly secured with this Union victory.

October 19,1864…”Battle of Cedar Creek”.  Union General Philip H. Sheridan defeats CSA General Jubal A. Early in a dramatic victory that was almost defeat for the Union. The CSA surprise attack routed the Federals. Sheridan goes down in history when he stops the Union retreat. He rallies his men and drives Early from the lower Shenandoah Valley.


Sheridans Ride

Sheridans Ride


“Sheridan’s Ride” will immortalize his famous ride from Winchester when he is told the Union line has broke. Riding his black 16 hand high gelding ” Rienzi”, he crashes down the road toward Cedar Creek waving his hat and yelling to the retreating Union soldiers to turn, until they cheer and rally renewing the attack. He drives Jubal Early from the lower Shenandoah Valley for good. Sheridan will rename the horse “Winchester”.

President Lincoln is very satisfied with the additional victories that can lead to an end of the war. But CSA elan and belief in the cause will drive them on.

President Lincoln is very satisfied with the additional victories that can lead to an end of the war. But CSA elan and belief in the cause will drive them on.

October 19, 1864The “St. Albans Raid.  The Northernmost action of the Civil War as 18 Confederates stage an attack on the 4 banks and citizenry of St. Albans,Vermont. Led by the young CSA Lt. Bennett Young, the plan begins north of the border in Canada and was successful as over $200,000. was obtained during their prompt “withdrawals”.

The raiders than fled by stolen horses to Canada where 14 of the 18 were captured quickly by Canadian authorities with close to $90,000. of the loot.


November 8,1864…President Abraham Lincoln is re-elected by a landslide even carrying the states of Tennessee and Louisiana. His opponent is his former Union commanding General George B. McClellen with the Democratic “Peace” Party.  The first time soldiers vote “from the field”.

Abraham Lincoln receives over 70% of votes cast by the soldiers.



November 15,1864…”THE SAVANNAH CAMPAIGN”. General William T. Sherman leaves captured Atlanta after convincing Grant and Lincoln he can “break” his supply lines in Georgia and march his army to the coast living off the land. The Union army will cut a swath of destruction through the heart of the confederacy burning farms and fields and any supplies they cannot take on their march.

He states about his intended actions to the CSA “I will make them howl”. His army will go out of contact with Washington for a month carving a path of misery east 50 miles wide and 300 miles long until his Union “bummers” reach the coast at Savannah, Ga.

December 15-16, 1864… “BATTLE OF NASHVILLE”. Union Major General George H.Thomas defeats Confederate Lieut. General John Bell Hood at Nashville in a complete victory that finally eliminates the CSA Army of the Tennessee as a fighting force.

December 21,1864…General William T. Sherman completes his “March to the Sea” reaching Savannah, Georgia. The psychological effect of his march and destruction of property and infrastructure is devastating to the South. The estimated damage to the Confederacy is estimated at over 100 million dollars.

Sherman sends a wire to President Lincoln stating “I beg to offer to you as a Christmas gift the city of Savannah..”